Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and EtOH, comes from the fermentation of sugars found in food crops such as corn, or cellulosic material such as wood chips, leaves, agricultural waste, and similar material. Ethanol is used in gasoline mixtures to power many automobiles. There may be more energy needed to cultivate, harvest, and process the material than is contained in the final fuel produced. Biomass feedstocks are grown and transported to ethanol production facilities. After ethanol is produced at facilities, a distribution network supplies ethanol-gasoline blends to fueling stations for use by drivers.
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